Every child his or her own pace of development, but there are some definitive signs that indicate a deeper problem and warrant an immediate medical consultation.
We’ve compiled a list of generic developmental delays/issues that all parents must be aware of to realize that their child needs help. Please note that these signs do not necessarily mean that your child has brain damage or mental health issues, but if you find yourself agreeing to the issues listed below, you must see a doctor right away.
There are some signs that are big red flags in themselves. Even if the child does not show any other symptom, this one symptom calls for a consultation. Such issues have been marked with an asterisk sign (*) in the list below.
If, god forbid, your child demonstrates these delays, and you need help/guidance on the next steps, feel free to reach out to Tamahar via our FB page, website or the contact form given on this blog. You can also visit us our centre at Malleshwaram, Bangalore. (Near Malleshwaram Railway Station)
SIGNS OF DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY
- Complications during the 9 months of pregnancy.
- Excessive vomiting etc, even after the 4th month of pregnancy.
- Baby not moving adequately inside the womb till birth.
- Pain and contractions before the bag burst and the water leaked.
- Caesarian delivery due to problems during birth.
- Baby did not cry soon or right after birth.
Age : 0-1 year
- Baby excessively quiet or cranky in the hospital after birth, or continued to be quiet or cranky in the next 4-5 months.
- Baby unable to suck/breast feed in the days following the birth, or doing so with difficulty.
- Baby had breathing difficulty or a seizure episode soon after birth/stay at the hospital.
- Repetition of such problems after discharge, at home.
- Baby did not feed adequately.
- Baby did not pass urine easily.
- Baby not looking at the mother and the familiar faces after few weeks.
- Does not smile at them, hold on to the mother’s finger while feeding, settle down comfortably when picked up.
- Does not start holding up his/her head, roll over, reach out with hands, kick feet in air, laugh, gurgle, be startled by loud sounds or understand when scolded.
- Does not come up to sitting independently, stand up, take a few steps.
- Does not babble.
- Does not want to convey something when talking – not saying something meaningfully, but just randomly repeating words without any purpose.
- Does not enjoy songs/nursery rhymes or does not want to join in on the songs.
- Does not look at books/pictures.
- Does not point at things.
Age : 1-2 years
- Baby not comfortable with strangers and familiar people alike after 1 year of age.
- Not responding to command.
- Use of words restricted to 4-5 keywords.*
- No speaking in phrases.
- Falling down often.*
- Poor eye-hand coordination – unable to throw a ball in a bucket at a distance.*
- Difficulty in calming down. for example – continuous crying over trivial matters.*
- Inability to sleep for a long time.
- Peculiar tastes in food – Would not eat a certain texture of food, or a certain color of food.
- Walking started at an age of 1.5 yrs or higher.*
Age : 2-3 years
- Unable to re-tell a known story in the right sequence.
- Is not interested in keeping a conversation going.*
- Likes repetitive games.*
- Hyperactivity or complete disinterest (Either extreme).*
- No pretend play.*
- Not interested in books / not reading even picture books.
Age : 3-5 years(Pre-school)
- No play with peers.*
- Staying by self in a group.*
- Very good imitation skills.
- Disruptive behavior with peers – pinching, pulling hair, biting, hitting.
- Repetition of classes over 2 years or more.*
- Inability to play with peers in park/playground environment.
Age : 5+ years (School)
- Inability to maintain friendships.*
- Consistently bad marks in subjects* – despite tuition/after school classes.
- Extremely Bad handwriting – illegible.*
- Continued disruptive behaviours.*
- Recurring symptoms like stomach pain, headache.*
- Hyperactivity may or may not happen.
Featured image : Painting of an Indian Mother by Ilayaraja